BIM or Building Information Modeling, is the concept that has taken over the big offices of engineering projects. For those who see for the first time, it is common to think that it is only an electronic model, a representation in 3D faithful to the project in development. However, in reality, BIM shows much more than that.
Besides being in fact a 3D representation of the enterprise, true to the final product. The technology is capable of absorbing diverse data of the enterprise, that in the complex and multidisciplinary projects of today, are fundamental assets for a more assertive planning and control.
The problem begins at the beginning of the project, often the offices use several programs and work with numerous worksheets to compose the essential documents of the work, such as budgets, work schedule, physical-financial schedules among others. These programs, for the most part, do not communicate with each other and do not allow their use in a collaborative way by the various disciplines involved in a complex enterprise.
It is precisely in this part that BIM acts in an innovative way. Imagine if all of this information could be stored on a single platform, able to integrate all the disciplines involved in the project and still allow real-time updating as it undergoes changes and updates.
It is no wonder that BIM has been treated as the way to project the future, and this future has already arrived. Several popular software on the market already have BIM technology and the ones that do not have are running behind to introduce it. Some big companies like Autodesk have developed programs especially with the objective of working within this concept, such as Autodesk Revit.
These platforms not only deal with geometric data, such as dimensions and location of elements, it is also possible to enter information related to types and quantity of inputs, labor used and costs, for example. This allows us to say that the volume of data under control has increased considerably allowing even more accurate planning.
Another positive point that the technology adds is the interoperability between the disciplines present within the multidisciplinary projects. According to the NSTI’s Cost Analysis of Inadequate Interoperability in the US National Facilities and Technology Facility (NCTI), the lack of interoperability in the construction works adds to the cost of $ 15.8 billion each year.
In this collaborative and interdisciplinary environment, architects, engineers, builders, suppliers and other interested parties can, in addition to obtaining information according to their needs, feed the model in real time and evaluate the impacts caused in the enterprise, from small interferences to significant changes in budget and schedule of the work.
In fact, BIM is here to stay, its advantages are a reality and although it is used in a standardized way in some markets such as the United States and Europe, more traditional Brazilian offices still “roll their noses” when they are faced with the process of introducing concept, which involves not only the implementation of technology, but also the training of professionals, in order to obtain the maximum efficiency of this work model.
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